Machiavelli was perhaps the most universally reprobate figure in the history of political literature. His perceptions are universally rejected in principle,but regularly followed in practice.
THE CHILD OF HIS TIME
Ø The brilliant Florentine was truly a child of his times. The era was that of the strong man in both secular and ecclesiastical politics.
Ø He conceived of Italian society and politics as illustrative of institutional decay and prey to prey to corruption and moral degradation.
Ø He was interested in the unification of the Peninsula and took France and Spain as his example.
Ø He advocated the empirical or historical method of investigation.
Ø However, his method was historical more in appearance than in reality as he did not supplement by comparisons.
Ø It was different from thetheological and authoritarian method which had characterized the medieval thought.
Ø His reference was restricted to histories of Greece and Rome.
Ø His views on human nature made him responsible for establishing the relationship between politics and psychology.
Ø The basis idea was based on Aristotle’s views on social nature of man is but his views were purely Hobbesian.
In 'The Prince' he describes man as:
TO BE CONTINUED.....................
Dr. Kaushik Mitra, Head, Department of Political Science, Lucknow Christian Degree College, Lucknow.. U.P. India.