Friday, April 10, 2020

MACHIAVELLI PART-I

                                                                 SEMESTER IV.

TOPIC: MACHIAVELLI

Machiavelli was perhaps the most universally reprobate figure in the history of political literature. His perceptions are universally rejected in principle,but regularly followed in practice.

THE CHILD OF HIS TIME

Ø  The brilliant Florentine was truly a child of his times. The era was that of the strong man in both secular and ecclesiastical politics.
Ø  He conceived of Italian society and politics as illustrative of institutional decay and prey to prey to corruption and moral degradation.
Ø  He was interested in the unification of the Peninsula and took France and Spain as his example.

METHODOLOGY

Ø  He advocated the empirical or historical method of investigation.
Ø  However, his method was historical more in appearance than in reality as he did not supplement by comparisons.
Ø  It was different from thetheological and authoritarian method which had characterized the medieval thought.
Ø  His reference was restricted to histories of Greece and Rome.

HUMAN NATURE

Ø  His views on human nature made him responsible for establishing the relationship between politics and psychology.
Ø  The basis idea was based on Aristotle’s views on social nature of man is but his views were purely Hobbesian.
THE PRINCE

In 'The Prince' he describes man as:
Ø  Avaricious
Ø  Egoistic
Ø  Fickle
Ø  Aggressive
Ø  Cowardly
Ø  Ungrateful
Ø  Calculative
Ø  Deceitful

TO BE CONTINUED.....................

Dr. Kaushik MitraHead, Department of Political Science, Lucknow Christian Degree College, Lucknow.. U.P. India.


2 comments:

  1. Really appreciate ur effort maam..
    These notes will surely help...
    Thank you...

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thank you mam for these important notes 📝...

    ReplyDelete

MAHATMA GANDHI PART - II

Dr, KaushikMitra Head, Department of Political Science, Lucknow Christian Degree College, Lucknow. . B.A. THIRD YEAR PAPER-II ...